In an airplane, there are different types of speeds in which the airplane flies. You have your normal operating speed, your stall speed, your never exceeding or max speed and you have a maneuvering speed.
As a Pilot, you have to be well aware of the space you are traveling in and pay attention to these air speeds, especially your stall speed and maneuvering speed. If you were to find yourself flying in turbulent air. It is recommended that you slow the airplane down and operate the airplane at the recommended maneuvering speed. Meaning, don’t go as fast as you were going. Because the airplane is made of materials that can be damaged if hit by too much pressure than it can take.